Sao Paulo Monument to Independence

Praca do Monumento s/n, Sao Paulo

The Monument to the Independence of Brazil (Portuguese: Monumento à Independência do Brasil) is granite and bronze sculpture in São Paulo, Brazil. It is also known as the Ipiranga Monument (Portuguese: Monumento do Ipiranga) or the Altar of the Fatherland (Portuguese: Altar da Pátria). The monument is located on the banks of the Ipiranga Brook, in São Paulo, on the historic site where the later Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822. The monument was designed and built by the Italian sculptor Ettore Ximenes (1855-1926) and the Italian architect Manfredo Manfredi (1859-1927) to celebrate the first centenary of Brazilian Independence. The Brazilian Imperial Crypt and Chapel is located inside the monument. The crypt was built in 1972 to house the remains of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, also King Pedro IV of Portugal, and his wives, Maria Leopoldina of Austria and Amélie of Leuchtenberg. The crypt is consecrated as a Catholic chapel, as demanded by the then head of the Brazilian Imperial Family, Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza. He agreed to allow the transfer of the bodies of his ancestors to the Monument on the condition that the place be consecrated as a Catholic place of burial, with a Catholic altar, where Masses could be offered for the repose of their souls. Pedro I and Amélie of Leuchtenberg's bodies were transferred from the Royal Pantheon of the House of Braganza, in Lisbon; while D. Maria Leopoldina was moved from the Convent of Santo Antônio in Rio de Janeiro.
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  • Jeff Haynes

    - 14 August 2018 -

    Beautiful gem

  • Fernando Bernardo

    - 24 June 2018 -

    Nice place to go with your pets, family and friends

  • Janio Edwards

    - 06 May 2018 -

    Very bootiful !!!

  • marco jun Branco

    - 30 April 2018 -

    Skate or die!!!

  • Jordan Snider

    - 25 March 2018 -

    Beautiful 😍

  • Felippe Penteado

    - 07 February 2018 -


  • Brent Barnard

    - 11 July 2016 -

    This is a beautiful capstone at the bottom of the park, located on the historic Ipiranga river itself. It's a great testament to several notable Brazilian historical figures - and a great place for pictures!

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